988 Crisis Response State Legislation Map

With 988 available nationwide, it is up to states to ensure there are crisis services—24/7 local crisis call centers, mobile crisis teams, and crisis stabilization options—so 988 callers receive the help they need.

Model state legislation is available for policymakers and advocates to change the way their community responds to people in a mental health crisis. The model legislation also includes a new funding mechanism for states to create a monthly fee on all phone lines—similar to how communities fund 911—to ensure that 988 funding is sustainable and that these emergency services will not experience any funding gaps. To protect against fee diversion, the model bill requires 988 fees to be deposited in a trust fund that can only be used in support of the 988 crisis response system.

Learn about what 988 implementation legislation is moving in statehouses across the country.

Questions? Corrections? Contact Samira Schreiber at sschreiber@nami.org.

The colors on the map above track states’ progress in enacting comprehensive 988 implementation legislation. States designated as having comprehensive legislation have addressed the major components of the 988 model legislation including: defining 988 services and minimum service requirements, authorization of a 988 fee and creation of a 988 trust fund and establishing 988 system oversight. States that enact provisions reflective of the model bill that do not address all of these critical components are designated as partial implementation measures. Appropriations bills and 988 study/commission bills are not reflected in the map, but are included in the chart.

The chart includes a listing of all state legislation that is either based on 988 model bill and/or makes major changes to 988 crisis care continuum (988 call centers, mobile crisis teams, and crisis stabilization services). States are in alphabetical order with more recent bills at the top of each state’s section. Fee information is provided only for bills based on model bill (note the 911 fee information is provided for reference, it is not included in the bill language). Basic information about the bill is provided, click the bill number for further information.

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